Game Reserves, on the other hand, are managed by the Tanzania Department of Wildlife, and are generally developed for tourism and hunting, putting them nearer the extreme adventure category of Tanzanian attractions. Large and extensive, some reserves also contain sections set aside for hunting concessions.
Activities related to consumptive and non consumptive tourism, research and education are permitted.
There are 17 Game Reserves in the country including the Selous, Moyowosi, Kigosi, Mkomazi, Usangu, Lukwila-Lumesule, Msangesi and Ugalla.
Game reserves are areas of land set aside for conservation purposes. Many game reserves are located in Africa. Most are open to the public, and tourists commonly take sightseeing safaris.
A game reserve is more than just a piece of land or a place to keep wildlife; it is a place where ecosystems are protected and conservation is a key. Indigenous wildlife in its natural habitat makes for an ideal situation as this helps in providing an environment where growth in numbers at a natural rate can occur.
Some game reserves boast more than one ecosystem, sometimes even five, ranging from valley bushveld, savannah grassland and fynbos to riverine forest and acacia woodland; this provides a dramatic improvement on the types of wildlife that are present and the numerous species of birds that thrive on in these environments.
The biggest attraction is the Big Five game (Africa) – rhinoceros, elephant, buffalo, leopard and lion, named so because of the difficulty in hunting them and not their size, which is why the leopard is on the list and the hippopotamus is not.